Glaucoms Intraocular Pressure IOP Homeopathic Treatement

Glaucoma is an ocular disorder that results in damage of optic nerve, associated with increased fluid pressure in the eye, i.e. intraocular pressure (IOP)“the silent thief of sight,” glaucoma is an eye disease afflicting an estimated three million people in the United States and more than 69 million world wide. It is most prevalent in individuals age 65 and older. It affects the vision, first loss of peripheral vision leading to permanent loss of vision, if untreated. Glaucoma often called as “silent thief of sight” because the loss of vision often occurs gradually over the period of time and symptoms only occurred when the disease is quite advance. It is irreversible phenomena, i.e. once vision is impaired it cannot be recovered. So that treatment will be to save optic nerve from further damage. In modern treatment, further prevention is possible than the vision recovery. Glaucoma is second leading cause of blindness, after cataract.There are no warning signs of early-stage glaucoma and not until the disease is advanced — the eye is going blind — that symptoms appear. Glaucoma is only one of three eye diseases that becomes more common as a person ages.

Sometimes, person identifies the alteration in the vision, poor visibility which made them to visit the doctor. After the thorough examination, doctor declares that poor visibility due to Glaucoma. So what is glaucoma? How it develops? All are questions and here is the answer for glaucoma and its treatment with Homeopathy.

Glaucoma mostly affects in older people than younger, above 50 years of age. If the condition is detected early, it is possible to arrest the development or slow the progression with medical and surgical therapies.

People risk of Glaucoma

Persons who are at risk for glaucoma: high ocular pressure alone is not deciding factor that person have glaucoma, but also the risk factors will decide the affect of glaucoma on person.The most important risk factors include:

  • Age
  • Elevated eye pressure
  • Thin cornea
  • Family history of glaucoma
  • Nearsightedness
  • Past injuries to the eyes
  • Steroid use
  • A history of severe anemia or shock

Individuals with diabetes and hypertension may also have an increased risk of developing open-angle glaucoma. 

How Glaucoma develops basic pathophysiology

The underlying cause of open-angle glaucoma remains unclear. Several theories exist on its exact etiology. However, the major risk factor for most glaucomas, and the focus of treatment, is increased intraocular pressure, i.e. ocular hypertension. Intraocular pressure is a function of production of liquid aqueous humor by the ciliary processes of the eye, and its drainage through the trabecular meshwork. Aqueous humor flows from the ciliary processes into the posterior chamber, bounded posteriorly by the lens and the zonules of Zinn, and anteriorly by the iris. It then flows through the pupil of the iris into the anterior chamber, bounded posteriorly by the iris and anteriorly by the cornea. From here, the trabecular meshwork drains aqueous humor via Schlemm's canal into scleral plexuses and general blood circulation.

In open/wide-angle glaucoma, flow is reduced through the trabecular meshwork, due to the degeneration and obstruction of the trabecular meshwork, whose original function is to absorb the aqueous humor. Loss of aqueous humor absorption leads to increased resistance and thus a chronic, painless buildup of pressure in the eye.[22] In close/narrow-angle, the iridocorneal angle is completely closed because of forward displacement of the final roll and root of the iris against the cornea, resulting in the inability of the aqueous fluid to flow from the posterior to the anterior chamber and then out of the trabecular network. This accumulation of aqueous humor causes an acute increase of pressure and pain.

The inconsistent relationship of glaucomatous optic neuropathy with ocular hypertension has provoked hypotheses and studies on anatomic structure, eye development, nerve compression trauma, optic nerve blood flow, excitatory neurotransmitter, trophic factor, retinal ganglion cell/axon degeneration, glial support cell, immune system, aging mechanisms of neuron loss, and severing of the nerve fibers at the scleral edge.


Glaucoma how develop in eye

Causes for glaucoma:

Glaucoma usually occurs when pressure in your eye increases. This can happen when eye fluid isn't circulating normally in the front part of the eye.

Normally, this fluid, called aqueous humor, flows out of the eye through a mesh-like channel. If this channel becomes blocked, fluid builds up, causing glaucoma. The direct cause of this blockage is unknown, but doctors do know that it can be inherited, meaning it is passed from parents to children.

There are no specific causes for glaucoma is identified. No specific dietary factors are seen in causing glaucoma. But caffeine causes increase in intra ocular pressure in those has glaucoma but not seen affect in normal persons.Positive family history is a risk factor in glaucoma. A relative risk of developing primary open angle glaucoma is four fold in siblings of glaucoma patient. Secondary glaucoma, caused by prolonged use of steroids (steroid induced glaucoma), the conditions that severely restrict the blood flow to eye such as severe diabetic retinopathy, central retinal vein occlusion (neovascular glaucoma), ocular trauma (angle-recession glaucoma) and uveilitis (uveilitic glaucoma).

Types of glaucoma:

Disorder can be roughly divided into, “open-angle glaucoma” and “closed-angle glaucoma”.  

Open-angle glaucoma – it is painless, tend to develop slowly over the time and often has no symptoms until disease progressed significantly.

Closed-angle glaucoma – it is characterised by sudden eye pain, redness, nausea and vomiting and other symptoms resulting from sudden increase in the intra ocular pressure, should be treated as medical emergency. Glaucoma and its subtypes are considered to be “optic neuropathy”. The nerve damage involves loss of retina ganglion cells in a characteristic pattern. Raised intra ocular pressure is the most important and only modifiable risk factor in glaucoma.


Ocular hypertension - is the condition; in which high eye pressure for years and never develop damage.

Low or normal tension glaucoma - is the another condition, in which optic nerve damage associated with visual field loss, nut normal or low intraocular pressure. Other variants of glaucoma are;

Exfoliation glaucoma: a common form of open-angle glaucoma that results when there is a buildup of abnormal, whitish material on the lens and drainage angle of the eye. This material and pigment from the back of the iris can clog the drainage system of the eye, causing increased eye pressure. This form of glaucoma responds well to laser treatment.

Pigmentary glaucoma: a condition that typically affects young, nearsighted, Caucasian males. This condition is characterized by the iris bowing backwards, and coming into contact with the support structures that hold the lens in place. This position disrupts the cells lining the back surface of the iris containing pigment, and results in a release of pigment particles into the drainage system of the eye. This pigment can clog the drain and can lead to an increase in eye pressure. This form of glaucoma responds well to laser treatment.

Neovascular glaucoma: an uncommon type of glaucoma is difficult or nearly impossible to treat and is often caused by proliferative diabetic neuropathy or central retinal vein occlusion. It may also be triggered by other conditions results in ischemia of retina or ciliary body. Individuals with poor blood flow to the eye are highly at risk with this condition. Neovascular glaucoma results when new, abnormal vessels begin developing in the angle of the eye that begins blocking the drainage. Patients with such condition begin to rapidly their eye sight. Sometimes, the disease appears very rapidly, especially after cataract surgery procedures.  

Toxic glaucoma: it is open angle glaucoma with an unexplained significant rise in intraocular pressure flowing unknown pathogenesis. Intraocular pressure can sometimes reach 80 mmHg. It is characteristically manifests as ciliary body inflammation and massive trabecular odema that sometimes extends to Schlemm’s canal. This condition is differentiated from malignant glaucoma by the presence of a deep and clear anterior chamber and a lack of aqueous misdirection. Also, the corneal appearance us not as hazy. A reduction in visual acuity can occur followed neurological breakdown. Associated factors include inflammation, drugs, trauma and intraocular surgery, including cataract surgery and vitrectomy procedures.

types of glaucoma

Signs for glaucoma:

  • Unusual trouble adjusting to dark rooms
  • Difficulty focusing on near or distant objects
  • Squinting or blinking due to unusual sensitivity to light or glare
  • Change in color of iris
  • Red-rimmed, encrusted or swollen lids
  • Recurrent pain in or around eyes
  • Double vision
  • Dark spot at the center of viewing
  • Lines and edges appear distorted or wavy
  • Excess tearing or "watery eyes"
  • Dry eyes with itching or burning; and
  • Seeing spots, ghost-like images
  • Sudden loss of vision in one eye
  • Sudden hazy or blurred vision
  • Flashes of light or black spots
  • Halos or rainbows around light


Self care measure Eye Exercises:

 The following eye exercises are useful for preventing and reversing most types of vision problems.
Rest your eyes for five minutes every 30 to 60 minutes, relaxing your gaze and staring into space.
Blink your eyes regularly. This reduces eyestrain.
Take regular breaks throughout the day to breathe deeply for a few minutes, followed by stretching your neck and shoulders. This helps to ensure that your eyes muscles receive adequate amounts of oxygen.
To further reduce facial tension, yawn in an exaggerated fashion. Doing so helps to stretch and relax your facial muscles.
Cover your eyes with you palms for five minutes and breathe deeply. Do this every one to two hours.
Spend 20 to 30 minutes each day rapidly switching your focus from near to far. An easy way to do this is to hold your finger six to eight inc.hes from your eyes. Focus on it for a moment, then focus on an object in the distance. Keep changing your focus from near and far. This is an excellent way to exercise your eye muscles.
Roll your eyes all the way up and down in a full circular motion for five minutes three to five times a day.
Pin a sheet of reading material to the wall and read it from two feet away (or closer if you need to). Each day, step further away from the wall. With regular practice, you will eventually be able to read the same material from across the room. If you are nearsighted, reverse this process, starting as far away from the sheet of paper as you need to be, then slowly moving closer each day until you are able to read it standing only a few inc.hes away.


Homoeopathic Treatment of Glaucoma

The homeopathic approach to treating eye disease is much different than the traditional approach of using eye drops and surgery. I hope to explain that injections and laser for macular degeneration, cataract surgery go against homeopathic laws of healing and are causing suppression. This is leading to an decrease in our health and well being! In fact, the standard method of lowering pressure by blocking aqueous production with eye drops is much like treating a person with high blood pressure by giving him medication to stop the production of blood! It does not make sense!.Homeopathic constitutional treatment will take good care of glaucoma cases. As glaucoma is progressive destructive disease, with homeopathic medication complaints will reduce and it will arrest the further progression of disease without any side effects.In allopathic treatment for glaucoma, they use tropical adnergic agonists, cholinergic agonists, beta blockers and prostaglandin analogues. With this medication, always there will be side effects. Even the beta blockers used in eye drops, causes bradycardia, hypotension, bronchospasm, heart block and even impotence and depression.Homeopathy is in fact oriented in this direction, and, as far as visual disorders are concerned, homeopathic treatment depends on four factors 

the threat to vision, the kind of disorder and manner in which it evolves, the level of individual sensitivity, and the subject's potential for response. And such treatment is composed of

• Remedies prescribed for local symptoms, and
• Remedies for the glaucomatous field (patient's physical
and mental constitution).

Main aims and criteria of homeopathic  treatment 

  • It is safe and alternative mode of treatment which can be used alone or along with allopathic medication like eye drops prescribed by ophthalmologist.
  • It will arrest the further progression of disease, in advanced cases.
  • It will prevent and arrest the disease if diagnosed and treated early.
  • It prevents progression of disease for another eye, if treated early.
  • As homeopathic treatment acts in person as a whole, constitutionally, it will reduce the intraocular pressure.
  • It corrects the hypertension glaucoma and reduces the symptoms.    
  • It will reduce and cures the symptoms like, redness, swelling, clarity of vision.      
  • It improves the visual quality and halo vision and diplopia.     
  • In case of family history, it will reduce the effect of disease if treated prior. 
  • Genetic predominance will be reduced.

Homeopathic Remedies(medicines) for Glaucoma

Besides some of the following ingredients, the product contains Dr Gurpreet Singh Makkar(punjab,India), Research based, highly effective medicines

COLOCYNTH-Violent pain in eyeballs which precede the development of glaucoma sensation as if eyeball would fall out. Pain travels by the head & better by pressure.It is a good palliative.

CONIUM-sensation of pressure in the eye when reading,writing or doing any fine work.Vertigo accomany this is classical symptoms of glaucoma.

GELSEMIUM SEMPERVIRENS - Ptosis; eyelids heavy; patient can hardly open them. Double vision. Disturbed muscular apparatus. Corrects blurring and discomfort in eyes even after accurately adjusted glasses. Vision blurred, smoky. Dim-sighted; pupils dilated and insensible to light. Orbital neuralgia, with contraction and twitching of muscles. Bruised pain back of the orbits. One pupil dilated, the other contracted. Hysterical amblyopia. Dilatation of pupils,pain in the eyes,with or without lacrimation.Dullness,dizziness & dimness or double vision classical symptoms of this medicine.

NATRUM MUR- Eyes feels bruised, with headache in school children. Eyelids heavy . Muscles weak and stiff. Letters run together. Sees sparks. Fiery, zigzag appearance around all objects. Burning in eyes. Give out on reading or writing.. Lachrymation, burning and acrid. Lids swollen. . Pain in eyes when looking down.Desire for salt.Introvert.

PHOSPHORUS -degenerative changes in retinal cells.

PHYSOSTIGMA -Pain after using eyes; floating black spots, flashes of light, twitching of lids and muscles of eyes.Uncommon mental activity; cannot stop thinking. Vision dim; from blur or film; objects mixed.

RUTA GRAVEOLENS - Eyes-strain followed by headache. Eyes red, hot, and painful from sewing or reading fine print (Nat mur; Arg nit). Disturbances of accommodation. Weary pain while reading. Pressure deep in orbits. Tarsal cartilage feels bruised. Pressure over eyebrow. Asthenopia.

SENEGA is helpful for cataract, sensation of spots and specks on cornea

SPIGELIA ANTHELMIA - Eyes. feels too large; pressive pain on turning them. Pupils dilated; photophobia; rheumatic ophthalmia. Severe pain in and around eyes, extending deep into socket. Ciliary neuralgia, a true neuritis.

STRYCHNINUM PURUM -Eyes.are hot, painful, protruding, staring. Pupils dilated. Sparks before eyes. Spasmodic contraction of ocular muscles; twitching and trembling of lids.

Homeopathic Herbal Tips are idea to help people to recognize potential of homeopathic medicines.None of Homeopathic medicine should be used without consent of Qualified Physician.You can take medicine from professionally Qualified physician after full case taking for more detail please follow link .

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About Dr. GS Makkar

Dr. GURPREET SINGH MAKKAR is a dynamic homeopath from India(pb). He is an ardent student of classical Homeopathy. He is a registered doctor degree holder (B.H.M.S.) from Sri Guru Nanak Dev Homoeopathic medical college(S.G.N.D Barewal Ludhiana,PUNJAB, India.
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